Section 47 of the Children’s Act 1989 refers to a child suffering or likely to suffer significant harm. Suffering from significant harm means that child abuse is happening in the here or now. Likely to suffer significant harm means that it is very likely in the immediate future that a child will come to harm.
There are several different types of child abuse (harm) which can be defined into the following 4 categories. Please note that a child is defined in law as a person being aged under 18.
Physical abuse consists of hitting, slapping, shaking, throttling, poisoning, biting a child. In short, any physical attack which causes a child to suffer harm is defined as physical abuse.
This consists of name calling, bullying, making a child feel unwanted, unloved or to make a child feel that they only serve the purpose of another (making them feel subordinate).
This is the failure to meet a child’s basic needs either by way of withholding warmth and affection, providing a sanitary home environment, food or shelter.
Sexual abuse consists of making a child perform a sexual act for the sexual gratification of another. Sexual abuse includes making a child engage in vaginal/anal/oral sex, inciting a child to perform a sexual act on themselves or another whether this be a child or adult. Applying pressure to make a child take photographs/videos of themselves partly or fully naked, posing sexually, performing sexual act on themselves or another.
If you feel that a child is suffering or likely to suffer significant harm please contact Norfolk Children’s Services or the Police immediately. Children’s Services are contactable on 0344 8008020 or alternatively a link to Norfolk Children’s Services as below
The Diocese of Ely Designated Safeguarding Lead is
Mrs Faith Wright 01553 617689
Otherwise please contact Reverend Martin Dale 01945 880259 or firstname.lastname@example.org
Child Sex Offender Disclosure Scheme (CSODS)
It is possible to ask Norfolk Constabulary to complete a Child Sexual Offender Disclosure Scheme (CSODS) check. This check enables a person who has concerns that a child/ren may have contact with a person who Marty be a sex offender. These checks are free and the identity of the applicant is never revealed to the parent or guardian of the child. Checks can be requested by any person, however, if police checks reveal that the person having contact with a child/ren is a risk to them, disclosure will only be made to the parent or guardian of the child. The disclosure will be given so that the parent/guardian is able to take steps to protect their children from further harm.